Water engineering is a division of civil engineering, focusing specifically on water-based projects and may include water treatment, wastewater, or infrastructure development. Water projects are considerably significant because water sustains all life; it is a precondition for human existence and the sustainability of the planet. Water is a complex, and ever-changing resource as it is linked to almost everything in the world, and is critical for socio-economic development, healthy ecosystems and for the survival of humans and nature.
The world is in a transformative stage, with growing and aging populations and climate change to consider, therefore projects require expertise and innovations to overcome growing challenges. The industry needs astute water engineers to prepare for and mitigate these changes. Water industry jobs are therefore in demand, and there are a variety of exciting and fulfilling projects to consider which will make a real impact on the future of the planet, but what does it actually involve?
Those who work in water engineering jobs generally have competency in conventional engineering and construction methods and have knowledge of the water industry and environmental issues. There are many career choices with plenty of opportunities in this arena and typically, responsibilities vary from project to project. Water engineers study a broad range of subjects, such as water and wastewater treatment, water infrastructure and water processing and distribution systems. They will understand the environmental, commercial, economic, and social implications of decision-making in the water industry.
A Water Resources Engineer, for example, contributes to infrastructure projects with technical and innovative expertise. Tasks can include reviewing flood insurance revisions and evaluating engineering hydrologic and hydraulic (H&H) analyses to ensure that they are technically accurate and comply with regulations.